Our Palms

Bangalow Palm - Archontophoenix cunninghamiana
Climate/Origin Tropical to Temperate
Culture / Growing Needs These palms can be grown in full sun (if the water is kept up to them), or in the shade. They do like more water than most palms, with some even thriving in poorly drained areas. In their native habitat, they can often be seen growing next to and even in creek beds. It is quite a fast grower, averaging about 1/3 - 1 metre (1-3 feet) per year.
Flowers Flowers are formed below the crownshaft with the creamy flower stalks holding mauve flowers. The round green fruit, about 12 mm (1/2 inch) in diameter, turn bright red at maturity. There is often a noticeable bulge in the crownshaft before the flowers emerge which gives the tree a "pregnant" look.
Leaves The leaves, which have paler stalks, are bright green above and below, although there can also be brown scales underneath. They are much heavier looking than A. alexandrae, and consequently are more likely to be damaged by heavy winds. Thus they are often better suited to more sheltered areas, while A. alexandrae can take more exposed positions.

Red Latan Palm - Latania lontaroides
Climate/Origin Cliffs and coastal ravines. The Mascarene Island of Reunion.
Culture / Growing Needs Sunny, moist, but well drained position.
Description Medium to large fan palm, in which the petioles, and leaves have a very distinctive red colouration..

Carpentaria palm - Carpentaria acuminata
Climate Tropical to subtropical
Culture / Growing Needs It establishes easily in gardens and is handsome in all stages of its rapid growth. Carpentarias can be used indoors, being popular with plant hire companies triple planted. In a community of mixed species they will outgrow the others, adding height to the garden quickly. When spaced out in the sun as an avenue, the Carpie will grow uniformly, its self cleaning habit a bonus.
Description Tall, solitary, pinnate palm with green crownshaft and recurved dark green leaves. Known around the Northern Territory as 'Carpies' it is the most widely used palm there. Cultivated specimens are usually more robust than wild palms.
Leaves Until the palm reaches maturity, the leaves are spaced evenly up the trunk, with the leaflets lying flat. As it ages, a crownshaft develops, the leaves arch and the pinnae rise to form a "V". Transplanting older specimens is usually successful..

Alexandra Palm - Archontophoenix alexandrae.
Climate Sub-tropical to tropical.
Habitat Central to northern Queensland coastal rainforest, Australia.
Culture / Growing Needs While being very attractive individuals, it becoming quite common now to plant them in clusters and close groupings.
Flowers Flowers are formed below the crownshaft with the creamy flower stalks holding amethyst purple flowers. The round fruit, about 12 mm (1/2 inch) in diameter, turn bright red at maturity.
Height This is a tall, handsome palm (to about 25 metres (80 feet) tall with a spread of about 2 - 2.5 metres (10 - 15 feet)) and a graceful appearance.
Leaves The leaves, up to about 2 metres( 6-7 feet) long, are stiff pinnately compound feather-like fronds and have a tendency to rotate 90' to expose the whole leaf in profile. The leaflets are all in the same plane, bright green above with a silvery underside.

Foxtail Palm - Wodyetia bifurcata
Climate Tropical to Subtropical
Habitat Exposed gravel hill tops on Cape Melville on Cape York, north Queensland.
Culture / Growing Needs Fast becoming one of the most popular landscaping palms in the tropics and sub-tropics. It is an extremely hardy palm, being able to take full sun from a very early age, drought tolerant, wind tolerant, and frost tolerant as well. Seed is very easy to germinate, taking 1-2 months if kept at about 30°C.
Description Very attractive palm with long (2-3m.) plumose leaves (hence the name 'Foxtail'), and up to 10m tall with a grey trunk. It produces large (about the size of a duck egg) orange fruit.

Golden Cane Palm -
Climate Tropical to Temperate
Culture / Growing Needs A very adaptable palm, but grows best in full sun, in a well drained, but moist spot. Drought tolerant, but not very frost tolerant
Description A clustering palm, with up to about a dozen golden coloured trunks, but no main trunk. The trunks curve out from the base, while the feather leaves a quite recurved as well.

Lady palm - Rhapis excelsa
Climate Tropical to Temperate
Culture / Growing Needs very adaptable to soil types although neutral to slightly acid soils with good drainage and organic matter is recommended for best results.an understorey plant so for best results a partially shaded spot under trees or a pergola is ideal. Rhapis excelsa can be grown in full sun as long as soils are good and adequate water is available. Leaves however will lose their deep green colouring, will become yellowish green and on the hotter days will probably burn.
Height maximum height of between 3 and 4 metres, each stem or cane is slender ranging from 10-30mm in diameter, depending on growing conditions and variety.

Clustering Fishtail Palm
Climate Warm temperate to tropical areas. Can tolerate light frosts.
Habitat Tropical rainforests from India through to south-east Asia.
Culture / Growing Needs prefers a shaded, well drained position. It doesn't like full sun and being tropical, it also doesn't like to get too dry. It is a very useful and attractive plant for the gardener, its leaf colour and shape making it quite distinctive.
Leaves The leaves are light green, bipinnate, and triangular, closely resembling a fishes tail in shape.The leaves don't absciss when spent, but they are easily removed due to the palms size. The flowers are pale cream, while the fruit are reddish-orange, 10 - 20mm (3/8 - 3/4in) long.
Description This is a clustering palm, which can form a clump up to 8 metres (24 feet) high and 4 metres (12 feet) across at the top. The trunks are about 150 mm (6ins) across, are light green/greyish colour with quite widely spaced leaf nodes. Each trunk produces flowers for several seasons, starting from the top of the trunk and moving downwards, but then dies after its final seeding.
Propagation Propagation is by seed which usually takes 3 - 4 months to germinate

Bismark Palm - Bismarkia nobilis
Climate Tropical to temperate
Habitat Madagascar grasslands
Culture / Growing Needs A sunny, warm, and well drained position Height A spectacular tropical fan palm with huge blue-grey fan leaves up to 3m across. It has stout, smooth, grey trunk to about 10m.

Licuala ramsayi - Australian Fan Palm
Climate Tropical to Subtropical
Habitat River banks, and swamps of north-east Queensland rainforest.
Culture / Growing Needs This is one of the most cold tolerant of the Licualas, but is still a tropical/sub-tropical plant, and definitely not frost hardy. As a youngster it prefers quite heavy shade, but its an emergent plant so adults are sun-hardy. Unfortunately, it is a very slow grower, but its still a highly desirable plant for a warm shady nook.
Height A very beautiful palm, with a single trunk up to 15 metres, and large (to 2 metres across) almost circular leaves.
Majestic Palm - R. rivularis.
Climate Tropical to temperate
Habitat Along (and in) rivers of central Madagascar
Culture / Growing Needs Full sun, and LOTS of water. A very fast grower if the water is kept up to it. Also likes a yearly dose of Epsom Salts, because its not very efficient at taking up magnesium. If it doesn't get enough magnesium, the leaves take on a rather unhealthy yellow colour.
Height A very large (massive) palm, with a large, untidy crown.Is becoming a very popular palm in Queensland, but few people are aware of just how large this palm can get, and one often sees it planted in places where its going to cause real problems later on.

Redneck palm - Neodypsis lastelliana
Climate Tropical to temperateHabitat Madagascan rainforest
Culture / Growing Needs An easily grown palm which likes full sun/light shade, and a moist, well drained position. Quite slow.
Height Large feather palm to about 20m, with a very distinctive reddish tormentum on the crownshaft

Bamboo Palm - Chamaedorea. seibertii
Culture / Growing Needs Requires shady conditions as a youngster, however it will take full sun as an adult. The most cold tolerant of the bamboo Chamaedoreas . Likes plenty of water, but also needs good drainage.
Description A small clumping palm to about 3m tall,.

Macarthur Palm - Ptychosperma macarthurii
Culture / Growing Needs In heavy shade the plants can mature (flower) when only 2m tall and with stems only 1-3cm. in diameter while those experiencing stronger light are larger. Stems can attain heights of up to 15m. but are commonly 5-8m. The adaptability of this species under varying light conditions is such that a specimen can be made to suit any site under cultivation. tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions.This species is fairly hardy and should succeed under cultivation in any reasonable climate
Description There are several forms. The commonly cultivated P. macarthurii is considerably more vigorous than the Australian plants growing in the wild; it has numerous stems which attain greater diameters and broader pinnae.
Small palm of moist rainforests and broad-leaved forests and favours light to moderate shade, a rich, moist loamy or sandy soil and a high humidity. In places where a large tree has fallen, letting in more light than is usual, this plant responds with great vigour. The leaf crowns become larger and the stems attain greater diameters.

Bottle Palm - Hyophorbe lagenicaulis
Climate Endemic to Round Island and Mauritius, (the Mascarenes), and now restricted to a few individuals in habitat on Round Island. An interesting and easy to grow palm which will become a talking point when it gets bigger.
Culture / Growing Needs Sunny, moist, but well drained position. Can tolerate very light frosts.
Description A very distinctive medium sized palm, with a grey bottle shaped trunk, noticeable ring scars, and up to 60cm in diameter. It has a green or maroon crownshaft, with 4-8 finely pinnate leaves, up to 3.5m long..


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